A compact, closely knit dog of medium size, a leggy dog having the appearance,
as well as the agility, of a great ground coverer. Strong, vigorous, energetic
and quick of movement. Ruggedness, without clumsiness, is a characteristic
of the breed. He can be tailless or have a tail docked to approximately
Size, Proportion, Substance
Height - 17 1/2 to
20 1/2 inches, measured from the ground to the highest point of the shoulders.
Any Brittany measuring under 17 1/2 inches or over 20 1/2 inches shall
be disqualified from dog show competition.
Weight - Should weigh between 30 and 40 pounds.
Proportion - So leggy is he that his height at the shoulders
is the same as the length of his body.
Body Length - Approximately the same as the height when
measured at the shoulders. Body length is measured from the point of the
forechest to the rear of the rump. A long body should be heavily penalized.
Substance - Not too light in bone, yet never heavyboned
Expression - Alert and eager, but with the soft expression
of a bird dog.
Eyes - Well set in head. Well protected from briars by a
heavy, expressive eyebrow. A prominent, full or popeye should be heavily
penalized. It is a serious fault in a dog that must face briars. Skull
well chiseled under the eyes, so that the lower lid is not pulled back
to form a pocket or haw that would catch seeds, dirt and weed dust. Preference
should be for the darker colored eyes, though lighter shades of amber
should not be penalized. Light and mean-looking eyes should be heavily
Ears - Set high, above the level of the eyes. Short and
triangular, rather than pendulous, reaching about half the length of the
muzzle. Should lie flat and close to the head, with the tip rounded very
slightly. Ears well covered with dense, but relatively short hair, and
with little fringe.
Skull - Medium length, rounded, very slightly wedge-shaped,
but evenly made. Width, not quite as wide as the length and never so broad
as to appear coarse, or so narrow as to appear racy. Well defined but
gently sloping stop. Median line rather indistinct. The occiput only apparent
to the touch. Lateral walls well rounded. The Brittany should never be
"appleheaded" and he should never have an indented stop.
Muzzle - Medium length, about two thirds the length of the
skull, measuring the muzzle from the top to the stop, and the skull from
the occiput to the stop Muzzle should taper gradually in both horizontal
and vertical dimensions as it approaches the nostrils. Neither a Roman
nose nor a dish-face is desirable. Never broad, heavy or snipy.
Nose - Nostrils well open to permit deep breathing of air
and adequate scenting. Tight nostrils should be penalized. Never shiny.
Color: fawn, tan, shades of brown or deep pink. A black nose is a disqualification.
A tow-tone or butterfly nose should be penalized.
Lips - Tight, the upper lip overlapping the lower jaw just
to cover the lower lip. Lips dry, so that feathers will not stick. Drooling
to be heavily penalized. Flews to be penalized.
Bite - A true scissors bite. Overshot or undershot jaw to
be heavily penalized.
Neck - Medium length. Free from throatiness,
though not a serious fault unless accompanied by dewlaps, strong without
giving the impression of being overmuscled. Well set into sloping shoulders.
Never concave or ewe-necked.
Topline - Slight slope from the highest point of the shoulders
to the root of the tail.
Chest - Deep, reaching the level of the elbow. Neither so
wide nor so rounded as to disturb the placement of the shoulders and elbows.
Ribs well sprung. Adequate heart room provided by depth as well as width.
Narrow or slab-sided chests are a fault.
Back - Short and straight. Never hollow, saddle, sway or
roach backed. Slight drop from the hips to the root of the tail.
Flanks - Rounded. Fairly full. Not extremely tucked up,
or flabby and falling. Loins short and strong. Distance from last rib
to upper thigh short, about three to four fingers widths. Narrow and weak
loins are a fault. In motion, the loin should not sway sideways, giving
a zig-zag motion to the back, wasting energy.
Tail - Tailless to approximately four inches, natural or
docked. The tail not to be so long as to affect the overall balance of
the dog. Set on high, actually an extension of the spine at about the
same level. Any tail substantially more than four inches shall be severely
Shoulders - Shoulder blades should
not protrude too much, not too wide apart, with perhaps two thumbs' width
between. Sloping and muscular. Blade and upper arm should form nearly
a ninety degree angle. Straight shoulders are a fault. At the shoulders
the Brittany is slightly higher than at the rump.
Legs - Viewed from the front, perpendicular, but not set too wide.
Elbows and feet turning neither in nor out. Pasterns slightly sloped.
Down in pasterns is a serious fault. Leg bones clean, graceful, but not
too fine. Extremely heavy bone is as much a fault as spindly legs. One
must look for substance and suppleness. Height at elbows should approximately
equal distance from elbow to withers.
Feet - Should be strong, proportionately smaller than the
spaniels', with close fitting, well arched toes and thick pads. The Brittany
is "not up on his toes." Toes not heavily feathered. Flat feet,
splayed feet, paper feet, etc., are to be heavily penalized. An ideal
foot is halfway between the hare and the cat foot. Dewclaws may be removed.
Broad strong and muscular, with powerful thighs and
well bent stifles, giving the angulation necessary for powerful drive.
Hind Legs - Stifles well bent. The stifle should not be
so angulated as to place the hock joint far out behind the dog. A Brittany
should not be condemned for straight stifle until the judge has checked
the dog in motion from the side. The stifle joint should not turn out
making a cowhock. Thighs well feathered but not profusely, halfway
to the hock. Hocks, that is, the back pasterns, should be moderately short,
pointing neither in nor out, perpendicular when viewed from the side.
They should be firm when shaken by the judge.
Feet - Same as front feet.
Dense, flat or wavy, never curly. Texture neither
wiry nor silky. Ears should carry little fringe. The front and hind legs
should have some feathering, but too little is definitely preferable to
too much. Dogs with long or profuse feathering or furnishings shall be
so severely penalized as to effectively eliminate them from competition.
Skin - Fine and fairly loose. A loose skin rolls with
briars and sticks, thus diminishing punctures or tearing.
A skin so loose as to form pouches is undesirable.
Orange and white or liver and white in either clear or roan patterns.
Some ticking is desirable. The orange or liver is found in the standard
parti-color or piebald patterns. Washed out colors are not desirable.
Tri-colors are allowed but not preferred. A tri-color is a liver and white
dog with classic orange markings on eyebrows, muzzle and cheeks, inside
the ears and under the tail, freckles on the lower legs are orange. Anything
exceeding the limits of these markings shall be severely penalized. Black
is a disqualification.
When at a trot the Brittany's hind foot should step into
or beyond the print left by the front foot. Clean movement, coming and
going, is very important, but most important is side gait, which is smooth,
efficient and ground covering.
A happy, alert dog, neither mean nor
- Any Brittany measuring under 17 1/2 inches or over 20 1/2 inches.
- A black nose.
- Black in the coat.
Approved April 10, 1990
Effective May 31, 1990